|Number of Taluk Panchayat
Though located in Chickballapur district of Karnataka state, and in
spite of being so close to a fast growing metropolis (Bangalore city),
the region skirts the southern border of the Rayalaseema desert
belt and shares the same language, culture and social structure,
as also the stark poverty that afflicts southern Andhra Pradesh.
The region is a semi arid drought prone one with low, erratic and
spatial rainfall. The dust brown rocky terrain is severely
undulating, with small hill ranges and outcrops that stud the
topography. There is no mineral wealth and only a very thin and
fragile soil cover.
The average rainfall is 560 mm a year and this is, moreover,
erratic and spatial. As a result there is only 1 rain-fed crop
a year, whose stand is from late June till December. Groundnuts
are grown on these dry lands, inter-cropped with red gram, cowpea,
field beans, green gram, jowar, maize and castor on the field bunds.
Irrigated groundnut, mulberry, onions and sunflower are the common
bore-well irrigated crops. Ragi (golden millet) and a coarse variety
of paddy are cultivated under irrigation tanks.
Chintamani, It is famous for its gold and silver trade and its agarbathi (incense) industry.
One of the oldest dargahs in Karnataka, the Murugmulla Dargah of Fakhi
Gummanayaka Fort, is situated 16 Kms. east of Bagepalli, was founded
around 1350 by a feudatory chieftain Gummanayaka
Nandi Hills, earlier known as Nandidurga, was the summer retreat of
Tipu Sultan. He and his father Haider Ali expanded the existing fort,
built by local feudatory chieftains, into twin forts. Tippu's Drop is
a 60 metre cliff, offering breathtaking views.