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Chickballapur is the District Headquarters of the newly created (2007 August) District of Chickballapur in the state of Karnataka, India. Located within 3 km of Muddenahalli (the birthplace of eminent engineer and statesman Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvarayya) and its nearby village, Kanivenarayanapura, the sites of the upcoming Sri Sathya Sai Baba University, IIT Muddenhalli, and Sri Visvesvarayya Technological University and Research Institute. The ruler of Avathi Mallabiregowda's son Marigowda was hunting one day at Kodimanchanahalli forest. A rabbit was standing in front of the dogs without fear. Seeing this, ruler was very happy and told his son that is due to the boldness of the people of this place. As such the ruler took permission from king of Vijaynagar and built a fort and formed a town. This in future becomes chickballapur.

Chikballapur
Chikballapur in Karnataka India
  Chikballapur
Subdistricts Chickballapur, Gudibanda, Bagepalli, Bagepalli, Sidlaghatta, Chintamani
Headquarters Chickballapur
Population 11,49,007 (2008)
Density 308 /km2
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Area 4254 km2
Code Pincode :562 101
Telephone +91 (0) 8156
Vehicle KA-40
Website http://www.chikballapur.nic.in
nandihills chintamani_dargha gummanayakfort nandihills
General Profile
Number of Taluk Panchayat 6
Geography:
Though located in Chickballapur district of Karnataka state, and in spite of being so close to a fast growing metropolis (Bangalore city), the region skirts the southern border of the Rayalaseema desert belt and shares the same language, culture and social structure, as also the stark poverty that afflicts southern Andhra Pradesh. The region is a semi arid drought prone one with low, erratic and spatial rainfall. The dust brown rocky terrain is severely undulating, with small hill ranges and outcrops that stud the topography. There is no mineral wealth and only a very thin and fragile soil cover. The average rainfall is 560 mm a year and this is, moreover, erratic and spatial. As a result there is only 1 rain-fed crop a year, whose stand is from late June till December. Groundnuts are grown on these dry lands, inter-cropped with red gram, cowpea, field beans, green gram, jowar, maize and castor on the field bunds. Irrigated groundnut, mulberry, onions and sunflower are the common bore-well irrigated crops. Ragi (golden millet) and a coarse variety of paddy are cultivated under irrigation tanks.
Tourism

Chintamani, It is famous for its gold and silver trade and its agarbathi (incense) industry. One of the oldest dargahs in Karnataka, the Murugmulla Dargah of Fakhi Shah Wali. Gummanayaka Fort, is situated 16 Kms. east of Bagepalli, was founded around 1350 by a feudatory chieftain Gummanayaka Nandi Hills, earlier known as Nandidurga, was the summer retreat of Tipu Sultan. He and his father Haider Ali expanded the existing fort, built by local feudatory chieftains, into twin forts. Tippu's Drop is a 60 metre cliff, offering breathtaking views.
People:
Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya, KCIE (15 September 1861 - 14 April 1962) was an eminent Indian engineer and statesman born in Muddenahalli in Chikballapur District of Karnataka State. He is a recipient of the Indian republic's highest honour, the Bharat Ratna, in 1955. Visvesvaraya was made Knight Commander of the Order of the Indian Empire by the British for his myriad contributions to the public good. After opting for voluntary retirement in 1908, Visvesvaraya was appointed Diwan or First Minister of the princely state of Mysore, one of the largest and most important in India. Sir M. V. supervised the construction of the KRS dam across the Cauvery River from concept to inauguration. This dam created the biggest reservoir in Asia at the time it was built. Sir MV was rightly called the "Father of modern Mysore state"